It may seem strange but in reality there is a technique of sun gazing and this is known to many ancient cultures, from the Mayas, to Native Americans, Greeks, Egyptians.and still nowadays in South America, particularly in Peru and in the cultures of the Andes, the largest annual celebration is precisely that dedicated to the sun.

In India, it appeared more than two thousand years ago with the teachings of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism. And recently it has been mentioned again thanks to Hira Rattan Manek an indian who by, practicing the Sun Gazing technique, has practiced long fasts that lasted even over one year.

Hira Rattan Manek (from who’s name derives the acronym HRM, with which he likes being called) claims to have learned about the existence of this ancient technique in 1962, while he was at the ashram of Sri Aurobindo; after thirty years of studies, in 1992, he began to practice it and completed the process in 1995.


According to Manek, during the first three months of contemplation the pineal glandi s activated: the energy of the sun, passing from ajna accumulates in the hypothalamus.

The hypothalamus has two very important functions: it adjusts the autonomic nervous system (the visceral motility, the sleep wakefulness rhythm, body temperature, appetite, emotional states) and the endocrine system, and in it is produced the oxytocin, a substance defined sometimes “hormone of love”, which makes us calm, confident and empathetic.

On the other hand the pineal gland, when stimulated, secretes melatonin and serotonin, two hormones that regulate the cycles of sleep/wake and positive states of the mind. Melatonin is also a powerful antioxidant that decreases the effects of aging.

From studies carried out by the University of Pennsylvania and by the Thomas Jefferson University, moreover, the pineal gland in those who practice sun gazing becomes considerably larger than that of a normal person.

In the following three months, the solar energy charges all the brain cells, and then all the cells of the body. Manek affirms that once reached fortyfour (44) minutes of sun gazing, all the body cells are fully charged, and therefore it is no longer necessary to continue the practice.

But we must also add that the exposure to the sun increases the intake of vitamin D, improving the immune system, the balance of the nervous system, the intake of calcium and therefore the bone health too.

It is a practice that requires constancy but is quite simple:

We must look at the sun in the first hour after dawn or in the last hour before sunset for a period that goes from 10 seconds (the first day) to 44 minutes, increasing the gazing by ten seconds per day.
To sun gaze you must be outdoors, barefoot on the bare ground and therefore neither cement/concrete, nor grass; but only soil, stone, mud or sand. Even if the sky is overcast continue, looking fixedly where you guess the sun is behind the clouds (after a certain period you will start to sees its round shape). You only need to look with relaxation, without obstinacy and just let go.

Acoording to the explanations of Hira Manek Ratak when you reach a quarter of an hour of gazing (after about three months) usually anxiety, mental tension and concern disappear. If you are satisfied, you can interrupt the gazing at this point and go to the maintenance part.

Continuing up to 30 minutes (another three months), always as explained by the author, a disappearance of diseases occurs. If this was the objective/goal, than move on to the maintenance part.

Continuing for about another three months you reach the 44 minutes target limit. It is a limit that must not be exceeded under any circumstances. At this point even the stimulus of hunger should disappear.

Once reached the desired point move on to the maintenance part:

You need to walk barefoot for forty five minutes per day for a year. Not running or jogging. You walk slowly, with awareness, feeling the contact of the toes and of the soles of your feet with the ground, and of the body with the air around.


As in all things we must be patient, without hurry, this technique requires gradualness and conscience, for which you cannot exaggerate immediately, in order to avoid damaging the retina and anyway from the first feeling of pain or burning in the eyes it is best to abandon this technique.

You should also keep a certain detachment, as they say in South America you must not fall in love with the sun because you could be sucked by its energy. What does this mean? That we could get carried away wrongly and disrupt our body or our mind.



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