Sore throat what are the causes and symptoms.

Learn how to defeat the sore throat by understanding causes and symptoms and all the possible remedies.

The Sore throat may be due to a viral infection, typically cold and flu, but it is not rare that to provoke it are irritating agents, such as for example cigarette smoke or pollution. It can also occur when you are forced to speak too much or too loud. There are finally bacterial infections (usually streptococcal) involving the throat and at times even the tonsils.


The Sore throat originating from a virus is mostly due to the cold virus and is therefore accompanied by other symptoms typical of this infection:

– Eyes reddened or watery,

– Blocked or runny nose,

– Coughing and sneezing frequently.
If due to the flu it will be also accompanied by headache, fever, fatigue and muscle pain.
There is no specific treatment for a throat irritation due to a virus, but to speed up the healing it is better to rest properly, follow a healthy diet and drink in abundance.


If also the tonsils are involved i.e. there is an inflammation of the tonsils caused by viral or bacterial infection, in addition to the irritation of the throat we will have swollen tonsils, which may have white plaques. Other symptoms typical of this case are:

  •  Bad breath,
  • Fever,
  • Changes in voice because of the swelling,
  • The lymphatic glands of the neck are enlarged.

If tonsillitis is bacterial, antibiotics will be required.

The Sore throat may also occur as the first symptom of other diseases:

  • Measles
  • Tracheitis
  • Throat plaques
  • Sinusitis
  • Flu
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Candida
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • Scarlet fever
  • Mononucleosis
  • Stress


Plaques in the throat may appear, that are usually associated with tonsillitis, fever, respiratory diseases and cold typical of the winter months. Colds, sore throat and flu can carry with them plaques in the throat too.

The plaques of the throat sometimes represent a symptom of tonsillitis or pharyngitis or only a general sore throat which may become more acute and we must therefore be careful.

The plaques in the throat are usually clearly visible and usually accompanied to reddened and swollen tonsils, difficulty in swallowing. The symptoms of plaques in the throat associated with tonsillitis may include headache, pain and swelling of the lymph nodes of the neck, chills and fever. But there are also cases in which the plaques in the throat occur without fever, but in some cases can cause severe pain, difficult to bear especially for children, who might have difficulties in eating and drinking.

There are some natural remedies for the plaques of the throat, to help a little bit during the illness and especially to have less pain, such as the use of a spray made from propolis and the assumption of a teaspoon of honey with the addition of a few drops of lemon juice.

You should also avoid foods and beverages that may irritate the throat (and this also applies to all other types of sore throat), as for example very spicy food. In general however to prevent the disturbances and the winter ailments echinacea is an excellent remedy, in the form for example of herbal teas.

Take a look at our tried and tested method: Anti-Diet