Properties and benefits of carrots!
Carrots: Exquisite vegetables that fill our dishes but do we really know how well they do and what benefits they have?
Properties of carrots
We do not know how things actually evolved, but apparantly it seems that before the cultivation arrived in every corner of the world, the carrot was primarily grown in the Middle East and then discovered by the Romans and spread by the Greek. In reality carrots were not cultivated to eat it but for medical scope or as animal forage. The started being considered edible, in Spain, at the court of Catherine de Medici and since then they have become increasingly common.
The carrot is part of the Umbellifer family and is a perennial herbaceous plant that develops long green leaves, with white flowers and which notoriously wares the root.
Properties and benefits of carrots
Carrots have many benefits but there are also some curiosities:
– When you buy a bunch of fresh carrots the green part must always be cut or it will suck away the vitamins of the root;
– Carrots come in many different colours: yellow, red, orange white, black and purple;
– In the time when the carrots were cultivated probably in Egypt, they were purple, the orange colour was obtained later in Holland through some genetic mutations;
– It was in fact Dutch who decided to obtain only orange carrots; to pay homage to the Orange, i.e. the rulers of the time and still today orange is the official Colour for the Dutch.
Each carrot colour gives certain benefits to the vegetable and it is for this reason that the benefits of carrots may be different as well as the properties:
- Orange Carrot: is rich in vitamin A;
- Purple Carrot: is rich in polyphenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins and antioxidants;
- Yellow Carrot: contains mainly lutein;
- Red Carrot: is rich in lycopene;
- White Carrot: has an excellent antitumor activity;
The carrot has not always been grown to be eaten but the Romans cultivated it for its diuretic and aphrodisiac properties or as a remedy for abortion, while in Egypt it was used for healing wounds, if we move to the Middle Ages we discover that it was thought to do good against kidney stones.
Only later on it was discovered that the carrot was also useful to cure gastritis, dysentery, prevent eye disorders and promote tanning. Later we shall in detail every single property of carrots.
Nutritional Values for 100 g carrots:
– Calories: 41
– Water 85 g
– Proteins: 0,93 g
– Carbohydrates: 9 g
– Dietary Fibre: 2.8 g
– Calcium: 33 mg
– Iron: 0.3 mg
–Magnesium: 12 mg
– Phosphorus: 35 mg
– Potassium: 320 mg
– Sodium: 69 mg
– Vitamin A: 835 µg
– Vitamin B1: 0.066 mg
– Vitamin B2: 0.058 mg
-Vitamin B3: 0.983 mg
– Vitamin B6: 0.138 mg
– Vitamnin C: 5.9 mg
– Vitamin E: 0.66 mg
– Vitamin K: 13.2 µg
Benefits of carrots
Carrots are good for:
And have useful characteristics for our body thanks to the following properties:
Properties of carrots:
- Takes care of the gastrointestinal problems: Carrots are an excellent remedy against ulcers and inflammations, they help strengthen and protect the mucous membranes, thanks to their cicatrizing and antiseptic properties.
- Blocks diarrhea: Carrots are an excellent natural remedy in the event of dysentery/constipation and food poisoning;
- Stimulate and purify liver and kidneys: thanks to their high content of vitamins and minerals, carrots make the liver tonic and help the emuntori components carry out their functions by favoruing the normal purification of the organism;
- Moisturize the skin: the oil extracted from the root of the carrot is an excellent natural remedy against skin dryness; and talking always about the skin carrots also cure solar erythema and allergies, protect against UV rays thanks to the beta-carotene and help the skin to defend itself from harmful solar rays;
- Promote secretion of breast milk;
- Repair tissue: the carrot in fact helps the skin to stay young, elastic and reduces the problem of acne;
- The carrot prevents lung tumors: from a recent study it seems eating more carrots helps prevent lung tumors.
- Protect the cardiovascular system: carrots help reduce cholesterol levels, and last but not less important prevent atherosclerosis and aging.
Natural remedies with carrots
There are various natural remedies with carrots some known more than others, for example there is a remedy that is hardly known which is the carrotseed oil that contains geraniol, limonene and sesquiterpenes such as daucolo. The carrot essential oil is more commonly known and it is used in cosmetics for tanning products and antiage supplements as well as for the treatment of dry, impure and/or burnt skin.
Moreover with the fresh carrot you can prepare a decoction, to improve the diuresis, digestion, reduce the problem of gastritis and stabilize the intestine while for dysentery you must prepare a boiled carrot soup . If you suffer from constipation it is recommended to eat carrots raw and uncooked.
Carrots are therefore a good ally for our diet and nutrition, however obviously always without exaggeration.
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